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The facts: Anti-discrimination protections covering gender identity have been around for years, and there is no evidence they lead to attacks in public facilities. Explained: As of March , 19 states, the District of Columbia and more than municipalities have anti-discrimination laws and ordinances allowing transgender people to use public facilities that correspond to their gender identity. CNN found one case of a Seattle man who allegedly undressed in a women's locker room in , citing Washington's anti-discrimination law as motivation.

Otherwise, whenever the topic comes up in the news, prosecutors, law enforcement agencies and state human rights commissions have consistently denied that there is any correlation between such policies and a spike in assaults. CNN reached out to 20 law enforcement agencies in states with anti-discrimination policies covering gender identity. None who answered reported any bathroom assaults after the policies took effect. Transgender Americans rush to change IDs for Trump era. Michael Dunton, chief records clerk of Rhode Island's Cranston Police Department, told CNN his department was "hard-pressed" to find such a case: "We track our sex offenders very carefully and we haven't seen any instance of sexual predators assaulting in bathrooms.

A major resource on vegan health and nutrition for health professionals and the public.

In Maine, which has had gender identity protections in its state civil rights law for more than 11 years, the state Human Rights Commission was unaware of a single incident. Given this, it is really disheartening to see so many states and now our federal government choose to treat people who are transgender with what looks like hatred," Maine Human Rights Commission Executive Director Amy Sneirson said.

More common, civil rights groups say, are reports of transgender people being assaulted in bathrooms that don't match their gender identity. The survey, conducted by UCLA's Williams Institute in before the nation's capital passed anti-discrimination protections, built on previous research with similar outcomes. More Videos Transgender identity, in their words The claim: Being transgender is not a valid condition.

Transgender people are mentally ill and should not be afforded the same legal protections or healthcare guarantees as gay and lesbian Americans. The facts: The clear majority of mainstream medical, psychiatric and psychological communities agree that being transgender is not a concocted fantasy or mental illness.

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It's simply a valid state in which one's gender does not match what was assigned at birth. Join the conversation. Explained: The medical community defines gender identity as the way in which people perceive themselves, which could be different from their gender at birth.

A transgender person's gender identity is different from cultural expectations based on the gender they were born with. Characterizing transgender identity as a mental disorder contributes to precarious legal status, human rights violations, and barriers to appropriate health care, according to a study published in The Lancet in A condition is designated a mental illness when it causes significant distress. For many, simply being transgender does not cause dysfunction -- it's the social stigma and barriers to expressing one's identity that cause problems, according to the American Psychological Association , the American Medical Association and other healthcare organizations.

The World Health Organization is set to adopt the same position in its next edition of the International Classification of Diseases, due out in The term was adopted in to replace "gender identity disorder," which designated transgender identity a mental illness. Source: International Journal of Sports Medicine. Yogurt is often marketed as helping digestion and slimming our figure because of probiotics — the idea that "good bacteria" living in the yogurt will shack up in our guts. Bacteria are well-connected to our metabolism and obesity rates, among other things, so the connection seems logical.

However, we don't yet understand how the millions of bacteria already in our bodies work together, let alone when yogurt is added into the mix. This is not to say that yogurt is unhealthy, just that its benefits are oversold. Keep in mind, though, that a lot of yogurt is packed with sugar, which we do know contributes to obesity and other problems — so if you enjoy the dairy product, find some that isn't full of empty calories.

20 Mainstream Nutrition Myths (Debunked by Science)

Sources: Business Insider , Tech Insider. You lose body heat through anything that's uncovered, and your head is more likely to be exposed than other areas of your body. The "hair of the dog" is a myth — a mimosa or Bloody Mary in the morning won't make you feel better. At best, you're just prolonging the hangover. Same goes for coffee after a night of drinking. Like alcohol, coffee is a diuretic, so it will dehydrate your body even more and likely prolong the hangover. Excessive drinking can damage the connections between brain cells, but won't actually zap any of your neurons.

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That said, children with fetal alcohol syndrome often have fewer brain cells, and excessive drinking over long periods of time can indeed damage the brain — just not in the way you may think. Eating before drinking does help your body absorb alcohol, but it only delays the alcohol entering your bloodstream, it doesn't restrict it. Your body absorbs the alcohol more slowly after a big meal, so eating before drinking can help limit the severity of your hangover.

Eating a lot after drinking, however, won't do much to help your hangover. However, people who switch from beer to mixed drinks with senses and judgment already dulled may be less likely likely to monitor their alcohol consumption and thus drink more. This may be because your body metabolizes beer and mixed drinks faster than higher-concentration alcohol like a shot of whiskey. Adding liquor to a stomach-full of beer could, in theory, create a sort of mixed drink that would metabolize faster than one or the other on its own.

But while "liquor before beer" seems partly true, we'll mostly chalk up "never sicker" to bad decision-making. If you wake up fuzzy on the details from the night before, you probably shouldn't even bother trying to remember: It's impossible. When we drink too much the part of our brain that encodes memories actually switches off. People claiming they remember what happened after they blacked out are probably having what are called false memories.

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Sources: Business Insider , Memory. Sugar that's the color of dirt doesn't make it more "natural" or healthier than its white counterpart. The color comes from a common residual sticky syrup, called molasses. Brown sugar retains some of that molasses. In fact, brown sugar is mostly white sugar with some molasses — so refining it further would give you white table sugar.

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While molasses contains some vitamins and minerals like potassium and magnesium, there is not enough in your standard brown sugar packet that should make you reach for it if you're trying to eat healthier. Source: New York Times. If you decide to wade into this one at the dinner table, we'd recommend calmly explaining that this idea started with a now thoroughly-debunked — and retracted — study of only 12 children that appeared in in The Lancet, which claimed there was a link between the MMR vaccine and autism. That study was not only flawed, but it also sneaked in false information to try and make its point.

Since then, numerous studies that have analyzed data from more than a million children have shown that there's no connection between vaccines and autism. Fears about that connection persist because of public figures making unknowingly or otherwise false claims about vaccines. This has led to scary diseases like measles coming back and to vaccination rates in some wealthy Los Angeles neighborhoods that are similar to those in Chad or the South Sudan.

The American Diabetes Association, while it recommends that people avoid soda and sports drinks, is quick to point out that diabetes is a complex disease, and there's not enough evidence to say that eating sugar is the direct cause. However, both weight gain and consuming sugary drinks are associated with a heightened risk, and large portion size seems to be most crucial when it comes to sugar and diabetes. The myth that MSG monosodium glutamate is bad for you comes from a letter a doctor wrote to the New England Journal of Medicine in , where he coined the phrase "Chinese restaurant syndrome" and blamed a variety of symptoms including numbness and general weakness on MSG.

The scientific consensus according the American Chemical Society is that "MSG can temporarily affect a select few when consumed in huge quantities on an empty stomach, but it's perfectly safe for the vast majority of people. MSG is nothing more than a common amino acid with a sodium atom added. Eating a ton of food or tablespoons full of the salt could cause the general malaise attributed to the flavor enhancer, and the placebo effect is more than strong enough to account for the negative effects sometimes associated with MSG. Sources: Business Insider 1 , 2 , Tech Insider.

Authors of the study this statistic comes from note their findings "cannot prove causality" — but that's not what sugar-shaming movie producers would have you think. Drinking too much calorie-loaded soda is likely unhealthy, but it's not the sole factor driving a rise in childhood obesity. The CDC advises parents to do what they can to protect against obesity by encouraging healthy lifestyle habits that include healthy eating and exercise, both of which will likely do more for a child's waistline than trying to completely cut sugar. Sources: Business Insider.

Cracking your knuckles may annoy the people around you, but even people who have done it frequently for many years are not more likely to develop arthritis than those who don't. A tiny and largely misinterpreted study in recently fanned the flames of this myth, but limiting your caloric consumption may actually hurt your immune system more than helping it — it would certainly be a bad idea to not eat during the six- to eight-day duration of a cold.